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REMAINS of Greenland
REsearch and Management of Archaeological sites IN a changing environment and Society
REMAINS focuses on archaeological sites in the Nuuk region in South West Greenland, which is the part of Greenland with the highest density and variety of archaeological sites and where the effects of climate change are already visible. Even though the Nuuk region only constitutes a small part of Greenland, the climatic conditions vary significantly within the region due to a strong climatic gradient between the sea in the West and the ice sheet located approx. 100 km inland to the East. Thereby, it will be possible to study very different conditions - both at the surface (vegetation and snow cover) as well as in the soil (soil temperatures and water content). This approach will ensure that the knowledge and methods developed during the project will provide a good and robust foundation for future projects to extend the climate risk investigations of cultural heritage sites to other parts of Greenland or other Arctic areas.
The project will collect samples and information on preservation conditions from at least 10 sites in the Nuuk region (see map). The sites visited are located along a West/East climatic transect from the Low Arctic maritime coastal areas to the Low/Sub Arctic continental inner fiords. The sites represent all of the main cultures that have lived in Greenland (Inuit hunters, Norse farmers, and Preinuit cultures) and many typical site environments representative of other areas in Greenland.